The term ‘Justice’ includes the courts, the legal system and the police. Some offences are considered to be crimes against ‘justice’ itself such as:
- contempt of court
- making false statements, and
These offences carry heavy penalties, including imprisonment. A person commits the offence of bribery when offering public official, money or other favours to get them to act in his/her interests.
A person is guilty of contempt of court if s/he ignores or challenges a court’s authority or a direction of a court by doing among other things:
- interrupting proceedings during a trial
- refusing to answers questions when called as a witness
- consistently appearing late for a court hearing
- generally not obeying the directives of the court and/or judge
Penalties for contempt vary depending on the circumstances but can include fines and/or imprisonment.
Moreover, a person could be charged with offences such as perjury (deliberately giving false evidence in a court or tribunal), or making a false statement, or making a false report to police, if s/he do not tell the truth in any of the following situations:
- giving evidence in court
- swearing an affidavit
- making a statutory declaration, or
- reporting a crime